GMO Label Law or the National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard

GE lawThe actual GMO Label Law or the National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard

Yes, there is a GMO Labeling Law that was passed in 2016 and is suppose to be implemented by July 2018.

For those who want full disclosure of GMOs this law muddles a few things right off the bat.

The biggest confusion may be over terminology.  The law uses the terminology Genetic Engineering. I’ve already seen food labels which read “produced with genetic engineering” and nothing more. If you are not used to seeing this term genetic engineering or don’t know what it is – it adds more confusion to buying food. Click here for information on genetic engineered 

The United States Department of Agriculture – Agriculture Marketing Services (USDA – AMS) is in charge of figuring out the rules and regulations of the law. This means the USDA – AMS need to determine what products the labels apply to, what amount of genetically engineered ingredients need to be labeled, and what needs to be on each label.

QR code

Plus if a scannable code such as this one can be used.
This code can be read by smartphones, but not everyone has one. Or knows how to use the smartphone scanner application. And the USDA – AMS has to decide if the scan code is enough or if they will also require verbiage and labeling that says genetic engineering.

When in doubt make sure all your food is organic. Non-gmo is good but not the full story.
In case you want to know what the law says it is copied and pasted below.

Or you can click here to download the complete law from the website

PUBLIC LAW 114–216—JULY 29, 2016

NATIONAL BIOENGINEERED FOOD DISCLOSURE STANDARD

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130 STAT. 834 PUBLIC LAW 114–216—JULY 29, 2016

July 29, 2016

[S. 764]

To reauthorize and amend the National Sea Grant College Program Act, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. NATIONAL BIOENGINEERED FOOD DISCLOSURE STANDARD.

The Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 (7 U.S.C. 1621 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘‘Subtitle E—National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard

‘‘SEC. 291. DEFINITIONS.

‘‘In this subtitle:
‘‘(1) BIOENGINEERING.—The term ‘bioengineering’, and any

similar term, as determined by the Secretary, with respect to a food, refers to a food—

‘‘(A) that contains genetic material that has been modified through in vitro recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) techniques; and

‘‘(B) for which the modification could not otherwise be obtained through conventional breeding or found in nature.
‘‘(2) FOOD.—The term ‘food’ means a food (as defined in

section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321)) that is intended for human consumption.

‘‘(3) SECRETARY.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Agriculture.

‘‘SEC. 292. APPLICABILITY.

‘‘(a) IN GENERAL.—This subtitle shall apply to any claim in a disclosure that a food bears that indicates that the food is a bioengineered food.

‘‘(b) APPLICATION OF DEFINITION.—The definition of the term ‘bioengineering’ under section 291 shall not affect any other defini- tion, program, rule, or regulation of the Federal Government.

‘‘(c) APPLICATION TO FOODS.—This subtitle shall apply only to a food subject to—

‘‘(1) the labeling requirements under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.); or

‘‘(2) the labeling requirements under the Federal Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), the Poultry Products

Public Law 114–216 114th Congress

An Act

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7 USC 1639.

7 USC 1639a.

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PUBL216

PUBLIC LAW 114–216—JULY 29, 2016 130 STAT. 835

Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 451 et seq.), or the Egg Products Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 1031 et seq.) only if—

‘‘(A) the most predominant ingredient of the food would independently be subject to the labeling requirements under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.); or

‘‘(B)(i) the most predominant ingredient of the food is broth, stock, water, or a similar solution; and

‘‘(ii) the second-most predominant ingredient of the food would independently be subject to the labeling require- ments under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.).

‘‘SEC. 293. ESTABLISHMENT OF NATIONAL BIOENGINEERED FOOD DISCLOSURE STANDARD.

‘‘(a) ESTABLISHMENT OF MANDATORY STANDARD.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this subtitle, the Secretary shall—

‘‘(1) establish a national mandatory bioengineered food disclosure standard with respect to any bioengineered food and any food that may be bioengineered; and

‘‘(2) establish such requirements and procedures as the Secretary determines necessary to carry out the standard.
‘‘(b) REGULATIONS.—

‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—A food may bear a disclosure that the food is bioengineered only in accordance with regulations promulgated by the Secretary in accordance with this subtitle.

‘‘(2) REQUIREMENTS.—A regulation promulgated by the Sec- retary in carrying out this subtitle shall—

‘‘(A) prohibit a food derived from an animal to be considered a bioengineered food solely because the animal consumed feed produced from, containing, or consisting of a bioengineered substance;

‘‘(B) determine the amounts of a bioengineered sub- stance that may be present in food, as appropriate, in order for the food to be a bioengineered food;

‘‘(C) establish a process for requesting and granting a determination by the Secretary regarding other factors and conditions under which a food is considered a bioengi- neered food;

‘‘(D) in accordance with subsection (d), require that the form of a food disclosure under this section be a text, symbol, or electronic or digital link, but excluding Internet website Uniform Resource Locators not embedded in the link, with the disclosure option to be selected by the food manufacturer;

‘‘(E) provide alternative reasonable disclosure options for food contained in small or very small packages;

‘‘(F) in the case of small food manufacturers, provide— ‘‘(i) an implementation date that is not earlier than 1 year after the implementation date for regula- tions promulgated in accordance with this section; and ‘‘(ii) on-package disclosure options, in addition to those available under subparagraph (D), to be selected

by the small food manufacturer, that consist of—
‘‘(I) a telephone number accompanied by appropriate language to indicate that the phone

7 USC 1639b. Deadline.

Requirements. Procedures.

Determination.

Implementation date.
Time period.

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130 STAT. 836

Web site.

Deadline.

Determination. Consultation.

PUBLIC LAW 114–216—JULY 29, 2016

number provides access to additional information; and

‘‘(II) an Internet website maintained by the small food manufacturer in a manner consistent with subsection (d), as appropriate; and

‘‘(G) exclude—
‘‘(i) food served in a restaurant or similar retail

food establishment; and
‘‘(ii) very small food manufacturers.

‘‘(3) SAFETY.—For the purpose of regulations promulgated and food disclosures made pursuant to paragraph (2), a bioengi- neered food that has successfully completed the pre-market Federal regulatory review process shall not be treated as safer than, or not as safe as, a non-bioengineered counterpart of the food solely because the food is bioengineered or produced or developed with the use of bioengineering.
‘‘(c) STUDY OF ELECTRONIC OR DIGITAL LINK DISCLOSURE.—

‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subtitle, the Secretary shall conduct a study to identify potential technological challenges that may impact whether consumers would have access to the bio- engineering disclosure through electronic or digital disclosure methods.

‘‘(2) PUBLIC COMMENTS.—In conducting the study under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall solicit and consider comments from the public.

‘‘(3) FACTORS.—The study conducted under paragraph (1) shall consider whether consumer access to the bioengineering disclosure through electronic or digital disclosure methods under this subtitle would be affected by the following factors:

‘‘(A) The availability of wireless Internet or cellular networks.

‘‘(B) The availability of landline telephones in stores.

‘‘(C) Challenges facing small retailers and rural retailers.

‘‘(D) The efforts that retailers and other entities have taken to address potential technology and infrastructure challenges.

‘‘(E) The costs and benefits of installing in retail stores electronic or digital link scanners or other evolving tech- nology that provide bioengineering disclosure information. ‘‘(4) ADDITIONAL DISCLOSURE OPTIONS.—If the Secretary

determines in the study conducted under paragraph (1) that consumers, while shopping, would not have sufficient access to the bioengineering disclosure through electronic or digital disclosure methods, the Secretary, after consultation with food retailers and manufacturers, shall provide additional and com- parable options to access the bioengineering disclosure.

‘‘(d) DISCLOSURE.—In promulgating regulations under this sec- tion, the Secretary shall ensure that—

‘‘(1) on-package language accompanies—
‘‘(A) the electronic or digital link disclosure, indicating

that the electronic or digital link will provide access to an Internet website or other landing page by stating only ‘Scan here for more food information’, or equivalent lan- guage that only reflects technological changes; or

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PUBLIC LAW 114–216—JULY 29, 2016 130 STAT. 837

‘‘(B) any telephone number disclosure, indicating that the telephone number will provide access to additional information by stating only ‘Call for more food informa- tion.’;
‘‘(2) the electronic or digital link will provide access to

the bioengineering disclosure located, in a consistent and con- spicuous manner, on the first product information page that appears for the product on a mobile device, Internet website, or other landing page, which shall exclude marketing and pro- motional information;

‘‘(3)(A) the electronic or digital link disclosure may not collect, analyze, or sell any personally identifiable information about consumers or the devices of consumers; but

‘‘(B) if information described in subparagraph (A) must be collected to carry out the purposes of this subtitle, that information shall be deleted immediately and not used for any other purpose;

‘‘(4) the electronic or digital link disclosure also includes a telephone number that provides access to the bioengineering disclosure; and

‘‘(5) the electronic or digital link disclosure is of sufficient size to be easily and effectively scanned or read by a digital device.
‘‘(e) STATE FOOD LABELING STANDARDS.—Notwithstanding sec-

tion 295, no State or political subdivision of a State may directly or indirectly establish under any authority or continue in effect as to any food in interstate commerce any requirement relating to the labeling or disclosure of whether a food is bioengineered or was developed or produced using bioengineering for a food that is the subject of the national bioengineered food disclosure standard under this section that is not identical to the mandatory disclosure requirement under that standard.

‘‘(f) CONSISTENCY WITH CERTAIN LAWS.—The Secretary shall consider establishing consistency between—

‘‘(1) the national bioengineered food disclosure standard established under this section; and

‘‘(2) the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.) and any rules or regulations implementing that Act.
‘‘(g) ENFORCEMENT.—

‘‘(1) PROHIBITED ACT.—It shall be a prohibited act for a person to knowingly fail to make a disclosure as required under this section.

‘‘(2) RECORDKEEPING.—Each person subject to the manda- tory disclosure requirement under this section shall maintain, and make available to the Secretary, on request, such records as the Secretary determines to be customary or reasonable in the food industry, by regulation, to establish compliance with this section.

‘‘(3) EXAMINATION AND AUDIT.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary may conduct an

examination, audit, or similar activity with respect to any records required under paragraph (2).

‘‘(B) NOTICE AND HEARING.—A person subject to an examination, audit, or similar activity under subparagraph (A) shall be provided notice and opportunity for a hearing on the results of any examination, audit, or similar activity.

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130 STAT. 838

7 USC 1639c. Applicability.

7 USC 1639i.

7 USC 1639j.

Claims.
7 USC 6524.

PUBLIC LAW 114–216—JULY 29, 2016

‘‘(C) AUDIT RESULTS.—After the notice and opportunity for a hearing under subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall make public the summary of any examination, audit, or similar activity under subparagraph (A).
‘‘(4) RECALL AUTHORITY.—The Secretary shall have no

authority to recall any food subject to this subtitle on the basis of whether the food bears a disclosure that the food is bioengineered.

‘‘SEC. 294. SAVINGS PROVISIONS.

‘‘(a) TRADE.—This subtitle shall be applied in a manner con- sistent with United States obligations under international agree- ments.

‘‘(b) OTHER AUTHORITIES.—Nothing in this subtitle—
‘‘(1) affects the authority of the Secretary of Health and Human Services or creates any rights or obligations for any person under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21

U.S.C. 301 et seq.); or
‘‘(2) affects the authority of the Secretary of the Treasury

or creates any rights or obligations for any person under the Federal Alcohol Administration Act (27 U.S.C. 201 et seq.). ‘‘(c) OTHER.—A food may not be considered to be ‘not bioengi-

neered’, ‘non-GMO’, or any other similar claim describing the absence of bioengineering in the food solely because the food is not required to bear a disclosure that the food is bioengineered under this subtitle.

‘‘Subtitle F—Labeling of Certain Food ‘‘SEC. 295. FEDERAL PREEMPTION.

‘‘(a) DEFINITION OF FOOD.—In this subtitle, the term ‘food’ has the meaning given the term in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321).

‘‘(b) FEDERAL PREEMPTION.—No State or a political subdivision of a State may directly or indirectly establish under any authority or continue in effect as to any food or seed in interstate commerce any requirement relating to the labeling of whether a food (including food served in a restaurant or similar establishment) or seed is genetically engineered (which shall include such other similar terms as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture) or was developed or produced using genetic engineering, including any requirement for claims that a food or seed is or contains an ingredient that was developed or produced using genetic engineering.

‘‘SEC. 296. EXCLUSION FROM FEDERAL PREEMPTION.

‘‘Nothing in this subtitle, subtitle E, or any regulation, rule, or requirement promulgated in accordance with this subtitle or subtitle E shall be construed to preempt any remedy created by a State or Federal statutory or common law right.’’.

SEC. 2. ORGANICALLY PRODUCED FOOD.

In the case of a food certified under the national organic program established under the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.), the certification shall be considered sufficient to make a claim regarding the absence of bioengineering in the

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PUBLIC LAW 114–216—JULY 29, 2016 130 STAT. 839

food, such as ‘‘not bioengineered’’, ‘‘non-GMO’’, or another similar claim.

Approved July 29, 2016.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY—S. 764:

SENATE REPORTS: No. 114–90 (Comm. on Commerce, Science, and Transportation).

CONGRESSIONAL RECORD:
Vol. 161 (2015): July 28, considered and passed Senate.

Sept. 18, considered and passed House, amended, pursuant to H. Res. 421.

Vol. 162 (2016): Mar. 14–16, June 29, July 6, 7, Senate considered and concurred in House amendment with an amendment.

July 14, House concurred in Senate amendment.

Æ

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